05 April 2018

Rape as a Practice of War: Towards a Typology of Political Violence - Elisabeth J. Wood

Seminar Violence and exiting violence - Thursday, April 5, 2018

Much of the literature whether academic, policy or journalism holds that when rape occurs frequently on the part of an armed organization, it is a strategy (or tactic or weapon) of war. But this presumption does not explain the well-documented variation in conflict-related rape. In particular, some cases of conflict-related rape are better understood as a practice: it has not been purposefully adopted as policy for group objectives at some level of command but is nonetheless tolerated by commanders and driven by social interactions among combatants.

Departing from principal agent models of political violence, Elisabeth J. Wood emphasizes the horizontal, social interactions between combatants in addition to the usual vertical relationship between the combatant and commander to develop a typology of conflict-related rape that distinguishes between rape as a practice and as organizational policy. She analyzes when rape is likely to be prevalent as a practice and as a strategy, emphasizing not only the gendered norms and beliefs of the society from which combatants come but also those of combatants and commanders as re-shaped by socialization processes within the organization. Elisabeth J. Wood concludes with a brief assessment of the argument’s implications and suggest that the typology is relevant for analysis of political violence in general.

Speaker

Elisabeth Jean Wood is Crosby Professor of the Human Environment and Professor of Political Science, International and Area Studies at Yale University. She is the author of Forging Democracy from Below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador and Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador, and co-editor of Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes and Political Representation.  Among her recent works are “Rape as a Practice of War", “What Should We Mean by ‘Pattern of Violence’?" (with Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín), "Ideology in Civil War: Beyond Instrumental Adaptation" (with Gutiérrez Sanín). She is currently writing two books, one on sexual violence during war and a second on political violence in Colombia (with Gutiérrez Sanín). A fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, she teaches courses on comparative politics, political violence, collective action, and qualitative research methods.

Elisabeth Wood will also speak at the seminar of the chair Global Destinies of Latin America of the Collège d'études mondiales, about The Agrarian Legacies of Latin American Civil Wars in Comparative Perspective, on Thursday, April 5 at 3pm.

Details

Seminar

Thursday, April 5, 2018
5:30pm - 7:30pm

Salle A3-35
FMSH | 54, bd Raspail Paris 6

Registration mandatory

Presentation in English, translated in French

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Seminar Violence and exiting violence

Seminar sessions will take place in the meeting room A335 at 54 bd Raspail 75 006 Paris, except the introductory session and the roudtable for which the place will be subsequently specified.

 

8 November 2017
Introduction | Michel Wieviorka, Jean-Pierre Dozon et Yvon Le Bot
"The Emergence of Terrorism" | Marc Sageman

22 November 2017
"Le jihadisme des femmes" | Fethi Benslama

27-28 November 2017
Colloque international "Sortie de la violence, construction de la paix et mémoire historique en Colombie"

6 December 2017
"Proscribing terrorism: Security, Identity, Politics" | Lee Jarvis

21 December 2017
Table ronde "Radicalités violentes : perspectives comparatistes" | Farhad Khosrokhavar, Jérôme Ferret, Dominique Thomas

11 January 2018
"Humanitarian actions in extreme violent situations (Great Lakes region, Africa)" | Marc Le Pape and Jean-Hervé Bradol

25 January 2018
"Actors of the Syrian conflict: from inextricable rivalries to new perspectives of cooperation?" | Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro et Anis Anani

8 February 2018
« Apocalypses » | François Hartog

15 February 2018 - ANNULÉ
Table ronde : « La religion comme ressource de dé-radicalisation ? L’expérience des confréries »

8 March 2018
« Des histoires comparées : guerre et religions avant l’époque contemporaine » | Philippe Buc

14 March 2018
"How to define terrorisme?" | Marc Sageman, Michel Wieviorka

5 April 2018
« Sexual Violence during War: Towards a Typology of Political Violence » | Elisabeth Wood

13 April 2018
« Disciplining Fighters: Non-State Armed Groups and the Prevention of Wartime Sexual Violence » | Angela Muvumba-Sellstrom

3 May 2018
« Phénoménologie de la violence politique : formes, sens et expériences sensibles de l’émeute » | Romain Huet

17 May 2018
« Torture and Therapeutic Temporality in a rehabilitation clinic for survivors of torture in Denmark » | Lotte Buch Segal

31 May 2018
« Symbiosis of terrorist tactics and high tech: with some unthinkable counter-measures » | Randall Collins

5 June 2018
Table ronde « Djihadisme et radicalités en Asie » | Rémi Castets, Rémy Madinier et Jean-Luc Racine

 

Partner

In 2017/2018, The Conversation is a partner of the Violence and exiting violence Plateforme. In collaboration with Plateforme's members, the magazine will publish articles on the entry and exiting violence processus.

 

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