Economy as Matching
The first part of the paper is devoted to explaining what is meant by matching in current economics, with a special emphasis on the works of Alvin Roth's work on matching markets. The second part concerns the sociological underpinnings of the matching approach to the economy, showing how different it is from the market approach. Focusing on the changes brought about by the vast amount of data and the technology necessary to implement a new form of governmentality, the third part connects economy as matching to Michel Fou-cault's views on the pastorate, showing how the old religious precept requiring the leader to govern the population as a whole and each individual in particular (" omnes et singulatim " in Foucault's terms) becomes effective.
Philippe Steiner is a professor of sociology at the Paris-Sorbonne University. Researcher at GEMASS, he conducts his research on economic sociology and the history of the social sciences. He recently publishedDonner … Une histoire de l’altruisme (Presses universitaires de France, 2016) and co-directed with S. Naulin La solidarité à distance. Quand le don passe par les organisations, (Presses universitaires du Midi, 2016).
This text was presented at the workshop «Historicizing the economy» held at Harvard University on September 23-24, 2016.