07 décembre 2016
Race After the “Post-Racial.” Thinking Through the Proliferation of Racisms
Dans cet atelier, des chercheurs venus du monde entier, spécialistes du racisme, discuteront de la prolifération de déclarations racistes, la « libération de la parole » raciste dans l’espace public, les expressions « briser les tabous »,“parole décomplexée”, « culture inassimilable », « racisme anti-blanc », le retour à la biologie et le culturalisme pour justifier des politiques du sang. À l’ère du « post-racial » où chacun peut être raciste sans l’être, il s’agit de renouveler les stratégies antiracistes, au-delà d’une condamnation morale.
Organisé par Françoise Vergès, Chaire Global South(s), Collège d’études mondiales, David Theo Goldberg, Directeur de l’Institut de recherche en humanités, directeur de Digital Media and learning Research Hub, and professeur of Littérature comparée, anthropologie and criminologie, droit et société Law, à l’Université de Californie, Irvine et Sara Guindani-Riquier, co-directrice de la recherche, Collège d’études mondiales)
Institutions : Maison des sciences de l’homme, Paris, UCHRI, University of California, Irvine, USA, Institut des cultures d’Islam et Fondation Gulbenkian.
Les échanges se feront en anglais
The current proliferation of racisms in the public space, in national and international politics, is raising new questions. We are witnessing troubling developments:
- elections of governments and the widespread popularity of politicians committed to xenophobic platforms;
- the defense of a “parole décompléxée” by officials and intellectuals, their claim of “breaking taboos” to indict cultural and religious expressions deemed “inassimilable;”
- new forms of ethno-nationalism;
- the rhetoric of reversible ‘”anti-white racisms” that masks historical inequalities and discriminations;
- the use and abuse of anti-racist vocabulary or of the past to justify the politics of exclusion;
- the return to biology to advocate a politics of “blood and soil”.
What is the “post” in the “post-racial”? We contend that we are living (in) a new age of racism in an era of the “post-racial” when no one is racist so that everyone can be racist. The historically dispossessed are accused of being the principal perpetrators of racism, talk about “anti-white” racism shows how racisms have been decoupled from the history of inequalities and exploitation. Individuated inexperience, lack of effort, bad judgment, or ill fortune are drawn on to explain away racial discriminations and racist accusations and expressions. Public debates about racism are often reduced to exchanges about a series of lived experience which are decontextualized and exhibited as scars of wounds. The histories that produced racial power and privileges are erased or marginalized. The discourse on post-racialism hides the fact that we are still bound by race.
We argue that the condemnation of racism following WWII that became universal and was inscribed in the law no longer suffices as compelling responses to the current proliferation of racisms. Among their goals, the movements of decolonization and for national independence targeted the destruction of racism which was seen as intimately connected with colonialism and imperialism. International and national anti-racist programs were based on the assumption that once people had learned that “race” did not exist, that racial difference is a “social construction,” they would embrace difference. Anti-racism rested on the moral condemnation of attitudes and practices perceived as belonging to the past, as remnants of the colonial experience, traces of ignorance and of a lack of education. Sociologists, historians, philosophers, and psychologists sought to clarify the structures of racism whether cultural, structural, exploitative which worked to extract productive labor, or eliminationist the goal of which was to exclude completely, if not to exterminate, those considered sub-human or without value.
To discuss these issues, their causal conditions and implications, we are organizing a workshop on December 6 and 7, 2016 in Paris.
The workshop will be divided into a series of session with a theme introduced by two or three of the contributors for 7/10mn. The objective is to unpack some of the notions that circulate so freely today and to reflect on strategies.
Françoise Vergès, Chair Global South(s), Collège d’études mondiales
David Theo Goldberg, Director and Professor University of California Humanities
Research Institute (UCHRI), Executive Director Digital Media and Learning Research Hub, University of California, Irvine
Hourya Benthouami; Nadia Bou Ali; Muriam Davis; Philomena Essed; Nadia Fadil; Eric Fassin; Joao Gabriell; Ruth Wilson Gilmore; Nacira Guénif; Abdellali Hajjat; Ghassan Joseph Hage; Gaye Therese Johnson; Laleh Khalili; Saree Makdisi; Lilith Mahmud; Marwan Mohammed; Achille Mbembe; Olivia U. Rutazibwa; Francesco Sebregondi; Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian; Patrick Simon; AbdouMaliq Simone; Maboula Soumahoro; Robbie Shilliam; Sivamohan Valluvan; Michel Wieviorka.
“Racial Globalizations and the Postcolonial: Global South and Global East in the Global North” introduced by Laleh Khalili, Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian, and Nadia Bou Ali.
Universal analysis assumes a universal norm and begin with some conception of what is universal which, in fact, reflects a particular. In this session, we will discuss the ways in which racial formations emerge in the Global South and Global East and what this critical analysis bring to the understanding of post-racial racialism.
“Migrants, Civilizing Missions and the Remains of the Racial”: introduced by Patrick Simon, Olivia U. Rutazibwa and Sivamohan Valluvan.
Throughout the world, refugees, asylum seekers, migrants and internally displaced persons are the victims of racial discrimination, racist attacks, xenophobia and ethnic intolerance. Racism is both a cause and a product of forced displacement, and an obstacle to its solution. Industrialized states have introduced a barrage of restrictive policies and practices over the past decade targeting asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants facilitated ny negative and inaccurate portrayals of refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants in the media and inflammatory, xenophobic rhetoric of politicians. Yet, countries of the Global South bear the greater burden.
The session will discuss the role of racism and ethnic intolerance, racial capitalism and imperialism in the definition of the refugee/migrant/asylum seeker as the enemy, with special attention to discrimination against LGTBI.
“Anthropocene, Capitalocene, and Race After the Postracial” introduced by Lilith Mahmud, AbdouMaliq Simone, Joao Gabriell and Achille Mbembe.
In this session, we will discuss the articulation of racism, sexism and other “cultural” forms that appear to have no immediate relation to ecology but are in fact fundamental to humanity’s diverse relation to the web of life.
3:30-3:45 pm: Break
“Antiracist Strategies in the ‘Postracial’ Era,” general discussion moderated by Françoise Vergès and David Theo Goldberg.
Roundtable (Open to the public)
39 rue de la Tour Maubourg, 75007
Françoise Vergès et David Theo Goldberg reviennent sur les deux journées du workshop et posent aux participants des questions urgentes : quelles sont les stratégies des combats anti-racistes dont nous disposons ou que nous devons encore imaginer aujourd‟hui, face à la montée des populismes ?
Françoise Vergès et David Theo Goldberg en discuteront avec Michel Wieviorka, Achille Mbembe, Angela Davis (skype), Hourya Benthouami et tous les participants du workshop.