02 novembre 2011

The marriage effect revisited: A topography of crime around the time of marriage

Séminaire du GEMASS, en partenariat avec le Centre franco-norvégien en sciences sociales, avec Torkild Hovde Lyngstad, Université d'Oslo, chercheur invité au GEMASS.

Torkild Hovde Lyngstad
Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Human Geography University of Oslo, chercheur invité au GEMASS du 3 octobre au 19 novembre 2011

Discutant : Jean-François Mignot
Laboratoire de sociologie quantitative (INSEE-CREST)

Leading criminological theories predict that marriage has a preventive effect on crime, due to its role in the development of social bonds. Bonds develop before as well as after marriage, so gradual declines in criminality are likely to start occurring several years prior to marriage. Marriage may also be the outcome of such changes, and represents a period of particularly low criminality. We address these issues by studying changes in offending using a within-individual design, both before and after the time of marriage. Our data are population-wide individual-level Norwegian administrative register data on all men who married in the years 1995-2001 (N=121,707). We find that there is a marked gradual decrease in offending in the years prior to marriage, followed by a smaller rebound after  marriage. The effect of marriage seems to be negligible relative to the desistance prior to marriage.

co author: Torbjørn Skardhamar, Statistics Norway

 


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