Which food security in India ? Economic, socio-political and environmental dilemmas. A comparison with (Ile-de-)France

This is an account of a seminar comparing food security in India with the situation in France and Ile-de-France (Paris region) [Nov. 15th, 2013, Paris]. It highlights the heavy pressure on agricultural land and the still prevailing food insecurity in India. Voluntarist policies were implemented after Independence, but they were founded on a paradigm that today seems out of steam. Fair trade and organic farming, as well as inclusion of farms into agro-business chain, are solutions for some regions, products and farms. The various types of regulation and heritageisation of agriculture in Ile-de-France could bring new ideas to Indian decision makers – while India brings food for thought to French stakeholders.

L'auteur

Frédéric Landy est professeur de géographie à l’Université de Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense. Membre de l’UMR LAVUE et membre associé du Centre d’études de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud, il est l’auteur de Un milliard à nourrir. Grain, territoire et politiques en Inde, Belin, 2006, et le co-auteur de Agriculture et alimentation de l’Inde, INRA Editions, 2002, tous deux publiés en version anglaise chez Manohar. Il a dirigé le Dictionnaire de l’Inde contemporaine (Armand Colin, 2010). Il est actuellement responsable du programme UNPEC financé par l’ANR comparant les parcs nationaux de métropoles des pays émergents.

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