From Baal Hammon to Saturn
Continuity and Transformation in Sacred Places and Rituals (3rd century BC - 3rd century AD)
The present paper is a study on the religious continuities and changes in North Africa from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD, therefore from the pre-Roman (“Phoenician-Punic”) to Roman era. Starting from the archaeological and epigraphic evidences, it combines and compares the documentation related to the so-called Tophet sanctuaries with that related to the temples dedicated to Saturn. The goal is to analyse the evolution and transformation of sacred places, rituals and representations of the deities throughout a historical context characterized by variegated and changeable political and religious landscapes.
Since May 2012, Bruno D'Andrea holds a PhD in Ancient Near East at the "L'Orientale" University in Naples (dir. : Maria Giulia Amadasi). The thesis, published in the Collezione di studi fenici du CNR, was entitled Les tophets de l’Afrique du Nord de l’époque archaïque à l’époque romaine (VIIIe s. av. J.-C. - IIe s. apr. J.-C.). Etudes archéologiques. He works in general on the archeology and Phoenician religion of the Central Mediterranean and, especially, of North Africa; Recently he became interested in the religious changes that took place in Roman times. He has participated in ten archaeological missions in Italy (Sicily) and has made several research visits in France and Tunisia.
He is associated with the team Semitic Worlds of UMR 8167 "Orient et Méditerranée" and member of the Società Italiana di Storia delle Religioni. He is currently a post-doctoral fellow at the Labex ARCHIMEDE (within the UMR 5140) with a project on the animal in the religion of Carthage and the Phoenician settlements in Sardinia and Sicily (VIIIe - IIe s. av. J.-C.).
This text was written with the support of the Fernand Braudel-IFER incoming scholarship during his stay at Labex RESMED in Paris from February to October 2015.