Egypt between National Constraints and Regional Tensions
or How BRICs Fit into the Binary Framework Economic Liberalism / Authoritarian Reformism
This paper tries to evaluate Egypt’s situation as an intermediary status country with regional influence which has spun links with some BRICs so as to emancipate itself from North-American tutelage and compensate for Saudi Arabia’s – conditioned – financial aid. Our hypothesis is that the determination of external alignments comes essentially from national (social, economic, and security-linked) parameters. The volatile international context constitutes an extra element which influences the Egyptian government’s choices: increasing tensions between Washington and Moscow, Chinese willingness for regional self-assertiveness, European uncertainties. All these factors oblige the Egyptian government to
navigate between different partnerships according to the time’s constraints, for the purchase of weapons and the choice of investors.
Stéphane Valter is a lecturer in Arabic language and civilization in Normandy University (Le Havre), researcher in CNRS delegation to the CEDEJ (Cairo, USR 3123), 2016-2017.
This text is the result of the author's researches with the CEDEJ (Cairo), from September 2016.